## Math : Fractions – How to Add, Subtract, Multiply, and Divide Fractions

Fractions (like Percentages and Decimals) are always present in the Numerical Aptitude section of the Civil Service Exam so better be acquainted with the basics of it before you take the test.

What is a FRACTION? A fraction is simply a part of a whole number. It is also a number you get from dividing one whole number by another.

### HOW TO PERFORM THE BASIC MATH OPERATIONS ON FRACTIONS

## English: Common Grammar Mistake – Misplaced Modifiers

The Civil Service Exam includes what most people refer to as the “Finding the Best Sentence” questions. It is that part of the exam where you’ll be given five sentences and then you’ll have to choose which sentence is best with respect to grammar and usage suitable for business writing. To ace that part of the exam, you have to know the rules of grammar and you have to be familiar with the most common grammar mistakes which most aptitude exams utilize. Among these grammar mistakes are misplaced modifiers.

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## English: Tips in Answering Paragraph Organization Questions

The **Civil Service Exam** includes questions wherein you’ll be tasked to arrange a set of sentences to form a logical and coherent paragraph. This section of the CSE-PPT is actually amongst the most time-consuming ones. Reading the para jumbled sentences over and over again – and trying to figure out how they would fit in with each other will take much of your time if you do not know how most civil service exam passages are structured. That’s why it is important to familiarize yourself with some of the most common types of paragraph structures used in aptitude exam questions. Here are they: (more…)

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## Math : Operations on Positive and Negative Integers

The Civil Service Exam includes questions on integers. There may be questions involving integers as well as a flow chart which makes use of integers (more on that flow chart thing next time). Let’s start with the basics first.

**Integers** are zero plus all the positive and negative whole numbers (0, 345, -678, 43, -26, etc.). They can be represented on a number line with zero in the middle. To the left are all the negative integers and to the right are all the positive integers. Remember that integers do not have a fractional part. (more…)

## Practice Exercises: Operations on Integers

The Civil Service Exam will include questions involving integers – from basic math calculations to number flow charts. That being said, you have to be familiar with what integers are and how to add, subtract, multiply, and/or divide them. You have to know the rules that govern operations involving positive and negative integers. To know more about these rules, check our post: **How to Add, Subtract, Multiply and Divide Positive and Negative Integers**

Whenever you’re ready, get back to this page and start your Practice Test. **Remember to include the sign (positive or negative) on your answer. **Correct Answers are shown at the end of the quiz, after you’ve submitted all your answers.

## Logic : How to Answer Word Analogy Questions – Bridge Sentence

The Civil Service Exam has Single Word Analogy and Double Word Analogy questions. In both kinds of questions, your task is to choose among the answer options a suitable pair which resembles the relationship demonstrated in the question pair (In the case of the single-word analogy, you just have to find a word to pair with another given word).

So how do you do this?

**ANSWER: Build a strong bridge sentence that relates the words in the question pair.** (more…)

## Basic Math : What is PEMDAS ?

**PEMDAS** (or what others remember as Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally) is simply an acronym which stands for ‘Parenthesis, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction’. If you have a number sentence with two or more operations, the order of the letters in PEMDAS tells you how to go about these operations. It tells you what to calculate first, second, third and so on, until everything is done.

PEMDAS serves as a guideline so all of us can obtain only one correct answer in a math expression. Without PEMDAS, we can end up having two or more different answers to a single equation.

For example, 5 + 4 x 3 = ?

**WITHOUT PEMDAS,**

- We can do the addition first and get: 9 x 3 = 27
- or we can do the multiplication first and get 5 + 12 = 17

## Highly Effective Tips and Tricks in Passing the Civil Service Exam in your First Take

Unless you’re pretty sure that luck is always on your side, there’s no other way for you to pass the CSE PPT (or any other exam) than to PREPARE for it and PRACTICE. You have to make time to STUDY. You have to review the subjects covered by the exam bit by bit, whenever you have time to spare.

Now, here are some real-life tips and tricks in passing the Civil Service Exam in your first take (These tips and strategies are based on my personal experience in passing the Dec 2015 CSE-PPT Professional Level Exam in my first take. Strategies and stories shared by other successful examinees were also taken into consideration.):

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## English Lesson # 3: Sentences with Neither – Nor, Either – Or

Most questions in the Sentence Error Identification part of the Civil Service Exam will include those which make use of correlative conjunctions** **“Neither – Nor” and “Either – Or”.

**RULE:** In sentences with ‘Neither-Nor’ or ‘Either-Or’, or just ‘Or’ or ‘Nor’, remember that if both the subjects are singular, the verb must be singular. If both are plural, then the verb is plural.

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