The Civil Service Exam will include at least 20 items of General Information Questions – which may be about the Philippine Constitution; the Philippine Government; R.A. 6713; Peace and Human Rights Issues, and Concepts; and Environment Management and Protection.
The CSC has got so many things to ask you about under this category but I’m giving you some bits and pieces of what will probably show up in the actual exam. Here’s Lesson No. 1:
- The Constitution of the Philippines ‘Ang Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas’ is popularly known as the 1987 Constitution. It is the supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines. It was adopted on October 15, 1986 and ratified on February 2, 1987 under President Corazón C. Aquino.
- The national territory of the Philippines includes (1) all the islands and waters embraced in the Philippine archipelago, (2) all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction; and (3) all the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the Philippine archipelago.
- The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago are included in the internal waters of the Philippines.
- The Philippines is a democratic and republican state and its sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
- In the Philippines, civilian authority is supreme over the military at all times.
- Article III of the Constiution is the Bill of Rights. It enumerates the specific protections against State power which are the following: The right to due process and equal protection (Section 1), The right against searches and seizures without a warrant (Section 2), The right to privacy (Section 3), The right to free speech and expression, free press, freedom of assembly and the right to petition (Section 4); The free exercise of religion (Section 5); The right of abode and right to travel (Secton 6); The right to information on matters of public concern (Section 7); The right to form associations (Section 8); Protection against impairment of contractual obligations (Section 10); The right to free access to courts (Section 11); The right to be informed of his right to remain silent and to have competent and independent counsel (Section 12); The right to bail & against excessive bail (Section 13); The rights of the accused (Section 14); The right to habeas corpus (Section 15); The right to speedy disposition of cases (Section 16); The right against self-incrimination (Section 17); The right to political beliefs and aspirations (Section 18); The prohibition against cruel, degrading or inhuman punishment (Section 19); Protection against imprisonment for debts (Section 20); The right against double jeopardy (Section 21); Prohibition of ex post facto laws and bills of attainder (Section 22).
- The Armed Forces of the Philippines protects the sovereignty of the Philippines and the integrity of its national territory.