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Logic : How to Answer Word Analogy Questions – Bridge Sentence

The Civil Service Exam has Single Word Analogy and Double Word Analogy questions. In both kinds of questions, your task is to choose among the answer options a suitable pair which resembles the relationship demonstrated in the question pair (In the case of the single-word analogy, you just have to find a word to pair with another given word).

So how do you do this?
ANSWER: Build a strong bridge sentence that relates the words in the question pair.

For example:

Question pair: Annoyed : Furious
1) Apposite : Relevant
2) Lake : Placid
3) Glad : Ecstatic
4) Extraneous : Germane

The goal here is to find a pair of words which shows the same relationship as that between Annoyed and Furious.

HOW TO FORM A BRIDGE SENTENCE

  • Ask yourself: What is the relationship between the words in the question pair? Annoyed means slightly/moderately angry and Furious means very or extremely angry These words therefore follow the Degree of Intensity pattern.
  • Create a SHORT and CLEAR bridge sentence: Furious is the intense or extreme version of Annoyed.
  • Try using this bridge sentence with each of the options and see which one fits:
  1. Relevant is the intense or extreme version of Apposite. (False. Apposite is actually almost similar in meaning to Relevant)
  2. Placid is the intense or extreme version of Lake.(False. Placid, which means calm or serene, is actually used to describe bodies of water, such as a Lake)
  3. Ecstatic is the intense or extreme version of Glad. (True, because Glad means slightly/moderately happy and Ecstatic means extremely happy)
  4. Germane is the intense or extreme version of Extraneous. (False, because Extraneous is the opposite of Germane)
    ANSWER: 3) Glad : Ecstatic
  • If you have done steps 1 to 3 and you still cannot find the best answer, fix your bridge sentence. You can make it more specific or you can think about other relationships that may exist between the words in the question pair. Repeat steps 1 to 3 until you find the correct answer.

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I'm a Journalism graduate of the University of the Philippines - Diliman and I'm currently taking up units in Professional Education courses. I have written for various blogs, websites, and magazines in the past. Right now, I work as a freelance eBook writer and a mobile app developer.

While I was managing a fledgling online business and being a full-time mom to my four kids - Yana, Yshi, Yza and Vincent Jr., I took the Career Service Examination - Pencil and Paper Test - Professional Level (CSE-PPT- Prof) for the first time in December 2015. I passed and I got lucky enough to be among the Top 10 examinees in my batch, 3rd in the National Capital Region.