The Civil Service Exam has Single Word Analogy and Double Word Analogy questions. In both kinds of questions, your task is to choose among the answer options a suitable pair which resembles the relationship demonstrated in the question pair (In the case of the single-word analogy, you just have to find a word to pair with another given word).
So how do you do this?
ANSWER: Build a strong bridge sentence that relates the words in the question pair.
Question pair: Annoyed : Furious
1) Apposite : Relevant
2) Lake : Placid
3) Glad : Ecstatic
4) Extraneous : Germane
The goal here is to find a pair of words which shows the same relationship as that between Annoyed and Furious.
HOW TO FORM A BRIDGE SENTENCE
- Ask yourself: What is the relationship between the words in the question pair? Annoyed means slightly/moderately angry and Furious means very or extremely angry These words therefore follow the Degree of Intensity pattern.
- Create a SHORT and CLEAR bridge sentence: Furious is the intense or extreme version of Annoyed.
- Try using this bridge sentence with each of the options and see which one fits:
- Relevant is the intense or extreme version of Apposite. (False. Apposite is actually almost similar in meaning to Relevant)
- Placid is the intense or extreme version of Lake.(False. Placid, which means calm or serene, is actually used to describe bodies of water, such as a Lake)
- Ecstatic is the intense or extreme version of Glad. (True, because Glad means slightly/moderately happy and Ecstatic means extremely happy)
- Germane is the intense or extreme version of Extraneous. (False, because Extraneous is the opposite of Germane)
ANSWER: 3) Glad : Ecstatic
- If you have done steps 1 to 3 and you still cannot find the best answer, fix your bridge sentence. You can make it more specific or you can think about other relationships that may exist between the words in the question pair. Repeat steps 1 to 3 until you find the correct answer.